Life In Utah.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Title Page, Preface, And List of Illustrations.
The Map from the book. This is posted on another site. Just use your back button to return.
Birth and early life of the Mormon Prophet-The original Smith family - Opinion of Brigham Young-The "peep-stone" - "Calling" of Joe Smith - The Golden Plates - "Reformed Egyptian" translated - "Book of Mormon" published - Synopsis of its contents - Real author of the work - "The glorious six" first converts - Emma Smith, "Elect Lady and Daughter of God" - Sidney Rigdon takes the field - First Hegira - "Zion" in Missouri - Kirtland Bank - Swindling and "persecution " - War in Jackson County - Smith "marches on Missouri" - Failure of the "Lord's Bank" - Flight of the Prophet - "Mormon War" - Capture of Smith Flight into Illinois............................................................... 21
HISTORY FROM THE FOUNDING OF NAUVOO TILL 1843.
Rapid growth of Nauvoo - Apparent prosperity - "The vultures gather to the carcass" - Crime, polygamy and politics - Subserviency of the Politicians - Nauvoo Charters - A government within a government - Joe Smith twice arrested - Released by S. A. Douglas - Second time by Municipal Court of Nauvoo - McKinney's account Petty thieving - Gentiles driven out of Nauvoo - "Whittling-Deacons" - "Danites" - Anti-Mormons organize a Political Party - Treachery of Davis and Owens - Defeat of Anti-Mormons - Campaign of 1843 - Cyrus Walker, a great Criminal Lawyer - "Revelation" on voting - The Prophet cheats the lawyer - Astounding perfidy of the Mormon leaders - Great increase of popular hatred - Just anger against the Saints..................................................... 58
MORMON DIFFICULTIES AND DEATH OF THE PROPHET.
Ford's account - Double treachery in the Quincy district - New and startling developments in Nauvoo - Tyranny of Joe Smith - Revolt of a portion of his followers - The "Expositor" - It is declared "a nuisance" and "abated" - Flight of apostates - Warrants issued for Smith and other Mormons - Constables driven out of Nauvoo - Militia called for - Nauvoo fortified - Mormon war imminent - Governor Ford takes the field in person - Flight of the Prophet and Patriarch to Iowa - Their return and arrest - The Governor pledged for their safety - In his absence the jail is attacked - Death of the Smiths - Character of the Prophet-Comments........................ 89
TWO YEARS OF STRIFE-EXODUS FROM ILLINOIS.
No successor to the Prophet - David Hyrum Smith, the "Son of Promise" - Contest for the leadership - Diplomacy of Brigham Young - Curious trials - All of Brigham's opponents "cut off" - Troubles renewed - Fights, outrages, robberies, and murder - An other election and more treachery - Singular "Wolf Hunt" - Capture and trial of Smith's murderers - Of the Mormon rioters - Failure and defects of the law - Further outrages on Gentiles - Trouble in Adams County - The "Oneness" - The people of Adams drive out the Mormons - Revenge by the Mormons - Murders of McBratney, Worrell, Wilcox, and Daubeneyer - Retaliation, and murder of Durfee - The Mormons ravage Hancock - Flight of the Gentiles - Militia called and Hancock put under martial law - The Mormons begin to leave Illinois - Fresh quarrels - More Mormon treachery - Bombardment of Nauvoo, and final expulsion of the Mormons.... 122
FROM THE NAUVOO EXODUS TO THE MORMON WAR IN UTAH.
The Via Dolorosa of Mormon History - Through Iowa - Great suffering - "Stakes of Zion" - Settlement in Nebraska - "Mormon Battalion" - Journey to Utah - Founding of Salt Lake City - Early accounts - Outrages upon California emigrants - Travelers murdered - Apostates "missing" - Dangers of rivalry in love with a Mormon Bishop - Usurpations of Mormon Courts and officers - Federal Judges driven out - Murders of Babbitt and Williams - Flight of Judges Stiles and Drummond - The Army set in motion for Utah New officers appointed - Suspicious delay of the Army - The "Mormon War" begun.................................................................... 155
THE BLOODY PERIOD.
Sounds of war in Utah - Popular excitement - Fears of the disaffected - Attempted flight - Murder of the Potter and Parrish families - Massacre of the Aiken party - Assassination of Yates - Killing of Forbes - Brigham "Turns loose the Indians" - MOUNTAIN MEADOW MASSACRE - Horrible barbarity of Indians and Mormons - Evidence in the case - Attempt of Judge Crablebaugh - Progress of the "Mormon War" - Delay of the army - Treachery or inefficiency? - Mormon Legion - Lieutenant-General Wells - Brigham "Commands" the National troops to withdraw - Army trains destroyed - Lot Smith, the Mormon Guerilla - The "Army of Utah" in Winter Quarters - Colonel Kane again - Negotiations with Brigham - Governor Cumming "passed" through the Mormon lines - "Peace Commissioners" - Mormon exodus - Weakness of Cumming - End of the War - Murders of Pike, the Jones's, Bernard, Drown, Arnold, McNeil and others - A change at last........................................ 177
GENTILES IN UTAH.
A New Element - Livingston and Kinkead - "Jack-Mormonism at Washington" - Judge Drummond - M. Jules Remy - Gilbert and Sons - Heavy trade - Later Gentile Merchants - Walker Brothers Sales at Camp Floyd - "Crushing the Mormons" - Ransohoff & Co. - Mormon outrages again - Murders of Brassfield and Dr. Robinson Whipping of Weston - Evidence in case of Dr. Robinson - Outrages on Lieutenant Brown and Dr. Williamson - Gentiles driven from the Public Land - Territorial Surveyor - Success of General Connor's Administration - The Government returns to the old policy - Murders of Potter and Wilson - Horrible death of "Negro Tom" - The last witness "put out of the way" - " Danites" again - Murder each other - Death of Hatch - Flight of Hickman - Forty-three murders - Another change of officials - Doty - Durkee - Shameful neglect by the Government - Flight of the Gentiles - Comparative quiet again - A better day - The author arrives in Utah................. 196
FIRST VIEWS IN UTAH.
The real "American Desert" - No Myth - Bitter Creek - Green River - Lone Rock - Plains of Bridger - Quaking Asp Ridge - Bear River - A Mormon autobiography - "Pulling hair" - "Aristocracy" on the Plains - "Mule Skinners" and "Bullwackers" - The Bull waders "Epic" - Cache Cave - Echo Cañon - Mormon "fortifications" - Braggadocio - Storm in Weber Cañon - Up the Weber Parley's Park - A wife-stealing Apostle - Down the Cañon - Majestic scenery - First view of the valley - The "City of the Saints."....... 217
TWO WEEKS IN SALT LAKE CITY.
Views of the City - Temple Block - Brigham's Block - Theatre - Immigrants - Mormon arguments - Reasons for polygamy - "Book of Mormon" - First Mormon sermon - "Old" Joe Young - His beauty (?) - His sermon - Mormon style of preaching - Order of service - First impressions rather favorable - Much to learn yet..... 239
TRIP TO BEAR RIVER AND RETURN.
Northward afoot - Hot Springs - "Sessions Settlement" - Polygamy again - "Ephe Roberts' young wife" - Farmington - Kaysville - Three wives, and stone walls between - "Let us have Peace" - Red Sand Ridge - Ogden - Brigham City - Into the poor district - Scandinavian Porridge - English cookery - Rural life in Utah - Bear River, North - Cache Valley and the Cañon - "Professor" Barker, the "Mad Philosopher" - A New Cosmogony - Mormon science - "Celestial Masonry" - "Adam " redivivus - A modern "Eve" - Folly and fanaticism - Mineral Springs - The country vs. the city Mormon........................................................................ 260
THE CONFERENCE AND ITS RESULTS.
A Mormon mass-meeting - Faces and features Great enthusiasm - A living "martyr" - A Mormon hymn - The poetess - A "president" chosen - He recites the Church history - First view of Brigham - He curses the Gentiles - A "nasty sermon" - Coarseness and profanity - Bitterness of other speakers - Swearing in the pulpit - Exciting the people - Their frenzy and fanaticism - Hatred against the United States - Foolish bravado - The author gains new light on Mormonism - A subject to be studied - English and European Sects of like character - Division of the subject................................... 278
ANALYSIS OF MORMON SOCIETY.
Difficulty at the outset - Extremes among witnesses - Prejudice on both sides - First impressions favorable - "Whited Sepulchres" - Classes of Mormons - Brigham Young; impostor or fanatic? - The dishonest class - The "earnest Mormons" - Disloyalty - Church and State - Killing men to save their souls - Slavery of women - Brigham the government - Prophecy against the United States - "War" - "Seven women to take hold of one man" - Another war expected - Blood and thunder in store for the "Gentiles" - "The great tribulation" about due - Popular errors - Witchcraft - "Faith-doctoring" - Zion, in Jackson County, Missouri - Comfortable prospect. 290
ANALYSIS OF MORMON THEOLOGY.
Its origin - A theologic conglomerate - Mythology, Paganism, Mohammedanism, corrupt Christianity and Philosophy run mad - "First principles of the Gospel" - The five points of variance - Materialism - No spirit - A god with "body, parts and passions" - Matter eternal - No "creation" - Intelligent atoms - Pre existent souls - High times in the Spirit Worlds - Birth of Spirits - They hunt for "Earthly Tabernacles" - The "Second Estate" - Apotheosis - The "Third Estate" - "Fourth Estate" - Men become gods - "Divine generation" - Earthly Families and Heavenly Kingdoms - Did Man come from the Sun? - "Building up the Kingdom" - One day as a thousand years - The time of the Gentiles about out - Giant events at hand - "Gog and Magog," et. al. - Gentiles, prepare to make tracks - Return to "Zion," in Missouri - Christ's earthly empire - Great destiny for Missouri - Tenets from Christianity - Baptism a "Saving Ordinance" - Baptized twelve times - Office of the Holy Ghost - Strange fanaticism - Eclectic Theology - A personal god - The homoousian and the homoiousian - The Logos and the Aeon - Grossness and Vulgarity ....................................................... 311
THEORETICAL POLYGAMY-ITS HISTORY.
Poetry of religious concubinage - Fanaticism and Sensualism - Two extremes - Origin of Polygamy - The great revelation - Its contradictions and absurdities - Mormon argument - Real origin - Beginning of Polygamy - A prostitute for religion's sake - Failures and scandals - War in the Church - Stealing a Brother's wife - Furore in consequence - The Expositor - Its destruction - Death of the Smiths - Polygamy practiced secretly and denied openly - Brigham's marriages - Nine years of concealment - Avowal at last - Argument in its favor - Demoralization in the English Church - A climax of unnatural obscenity - The "Reformation" - Temporary decline in Polygamy - Hostility of native Mormon girls - Outside influence - Difference of opinion - It dies hard - Spiritual wives - Mystery and abomination ....... 332
Olden evils and hidden sufferings - Miss S. E. Carmichael's testimony - Mormon sophistry - The sexual principle - Its objects - Theory and facts - Monogamist vs. Polygamist - Turk, Persian and African vs. the Christian White - The same effects in Utah - Jealousy and misery - Children of different wives - Cultivated indifference - Hatred among children - Brigham's idea of parental duty - Are the Mormon women happy? - Submission and silence - Degradation of women - Mormon idea of politeness - Heber C. Kimball and his "cows" - "My women" - Slavery of sex - Moses and Mohammed outdone - Incest - Marrying a whole family - Robert Sharkey Remorse and suicide - Uncle and niece - Bishop Smith and his nieces - Mixture of blood - Horrible crimes - Half-brother and sister - The Prophet "sold" - The doctrine of incest - "Too strong now, but the people will come to it" - Now openly avowed - Brothers and sisters to marry for a "pure priesthood" - Testimony of William Hepworth Dixon - Father and daughter may marry - Effects upon the young - Infant mortality - Large average - mortality - Fatal blindness - The growing youth - Demoralization - Youthful depravity - No hope for young men and women - Sophistry and madness - Ancient sensualism to be revived............................. 354
THE MORMON THEOCRACY.
Absolutism - An ancient model - Three governments in Utah - Church officials First President - First Presidency - "The worst man in Utah" - Quorum of Apostles - "The Twelve" - A dozen men with fifty-two wives - President of Seventies - Patriarch - "A blessing for a dollar" - Bishops - Division of the City and Territory - Their magisterial capacity High Council - Judge and jury - Ward teachers - The confessional - The priesthood - Aaronic and Melchisedec - Evangelists - Secret police or "Danites" - Civil government only an appendage - Excessive power of the Mormon Courts - Perversions of law and justice - Organic Act defective - Federal Judges - Their weakness and disgrace - Verdict by ecclesiastical "counsel" - Verdicts dictated from the pulpit - Probate Judges really appointed by Brigham Young - Voting system - Marked ballots - "Protecting the ballot" - The Hooper-McGroarty race - Plurality of offices as well as wives - Tyranny of the Church - The Mormon vs. the American idea - The evils of which Gentiles complain............................ 381
RECUSANT SECTS OF MORMONS.
Repression not unity - Great break-up at Nauvoo - Sidney Rigdon's Church - J. J. Strang - Cutler, Brewster and Heddrick: "The Gatherers" - The "Truth Teller" - Lyman Wight in Texas - San Bernardino Mormons - Apostasy, Spiritualism and insanity - Brigham supreme in Utah - First secession, the "Gladdenites" - Persecution and murders - Blood-atonement introduced - Second secession, the "Morrisites" - War with the sect - Massacre of the "Morrisites" - Governor Harding's adventure - General Connor protects the recusants - Soda Springs - Another Prophet - The "infant Christ" - Beginning of the Josephites Emma and her sons - The "Reorganized Church" - First Mission - Mission of the "Smith Boys" - Excitement at Salt Lake - Priestly lying - The God - be schism - Liberal principles - Hopeful indications - After Brigham, who? - Orson Hyde? - Daniel H. Wells? - George A. Smith? - Probable future of the Church .................................... 402
Territorial limits - "Basins" - "Sinks" - "Flats'' - Rain and evaporation - Elemental action and reaction - Potamology - Jordan - Kay's Creek - Weber - Bear River Cache Valley Timber - Blue Creek - Promontory - Great Desert - Utah Lake - Spanish Fork - Salt Creek - Timpanogos - Sevier River - Colorado System - Fish Thermal and Chemical Springs - Healing waters - Hotwater plants - Analysis by Dr. Gale - Mineral Springs - Salt beds - Alkali flats - Native salts - GREAT SALT LAKE - First accounts - FREMONT - STANSBURY - Amount of salt - Valleys - Rise of the Lake - Islands - Bear Lake -"Ginasticutis" - Utah Lake - Climate - Increase of rain - Singular phenomena - Fine air - Relief for pulmonary complaints...................................................... 435
MATERIAL RESOURCES OF UTAH.
Amount of arable land - Its nature and location - Increased rainfall - Causes - Probable greater increase - Mode of irrigation - Aquarian Socialism - No room for competition - Alkali - Some advantages - Yield of various crops - "Beet-sugar" - Sorghum syrup - Mormon improvements (?) - Grossly exaggerated - True Wealth of Utah Mining and grazing - Bunch-grass - Mountain pastures - Sheep and goats - "Fur, fin and feather" - Trapping and hunting - Carnivora - Ruminants - Buffalo - None in the Basin - Shoshonee tradition - Game, fowl - Amphibia - "Sandy toad" - Serpents - Fish - Oysters in Salt Lake - Insects- "Mormon bedbugs" - Advantages from the dry air - Insectivora - Crickets - Grasshoppers or locusts? - Indians of Utah - Rapid extinction - "Diggers" - "Club-men" - Utes Shoshonees - Their origin - Mormon theory - Scientific theory - Chinese annals - Tartans in America - Mormon settlers - Twenty three years of "gathering" - Much work, slow progress - Reasons - Inherent weakness of the system - Great apostasy - Their present number - Exaggeration - Enumeration of settlements and population - Nationality - Total military force - Future of the Territory........ 460
MORMON MYSTERIES-THEIR ORIGIN.
The Endowment - Actors - Scenery and dress - Pre-requisites - Adam and Eve, the Devil and Michael, Jehovah and Eloheim - A new version - Blasphemous assumptions - Terrible oaths - Barbarous penalties - Origin - Scriptures and Paradise Lost - Eleusinian mysteries - "Morgan's Free-masonry" - The witnesses - Probabilities - Their reasons - Changes....................................................... 486
PRESENT CONDITION AND PROSPECTS.
Co-operation - The "bull's eye" signs - Inherent weakness of the system - Immediate effects on the Gentiles - Final result to the Saints - Founding of Corinne - Its bright prospects - Trip to Sevier - The deserted city - New Silverado - Mines and mining - A new interest in Utah - Rich discoveries - Hindrances - Grant's Administration in Utah - Better men in the Revenue Department - Experience of Dr. J. P. Taggart - More "persecution" - The Judges - The Governor - Congressional Legislation - "Cullom Bill" - Probable effects - Guesses at the future - Another exodus - "Zion," in Sonora........................................................ 503
The Church - First attempt - Rev. Norman McLeod - Dr. J. K. Robinson - Second attempt, Father Kelley - Last attempt - The Episcopal Mission, success and progress - Sabbath School - Grammar School of St. Marks - A building needed - Mission of Rev. George W. Foote - Difficulties of the situation - Number and occupation of Gentiles - Political prospects - Gentile newspapers - The Valley and The Vedetta - The UTAH REPORTER - S. S. Saul, the founder - Messrs. Aulbach and Barrett - The author's experience - Principles advocated - Courtesy of the Gentiles - Conclusion....................... 527